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Hydroponic Growing

Hydroponic System DiagramWhen growing plants in a hydroponic garden, we must consider these factors

  • the amount of water the plants need; proper drainage of growing medium
  • the optimum temperature and light for the plant
  • fresh air
  • shelter and support
  • pest and disease control
  • the water-soluble minerals the plant needs
  • the proper pH of the nutrient solution

Water
As with all plant needs, the amount of water required depends on the species and the needs of that particular plant. A plant that suffers from lack of water will extend a huge, but not very effective root system, and will develop a very small plant above the ground. Many roots are sent out in search of water and when an inadequate amount is found, the plant will not grow to its potential.
In the other extreme, if a plant is over watered the roots can drown because they are not receiving the proper amount of fresh oxygen. This makes proper drainage of a hydroponic growing medium crucial to your plant's health.

The last consideration concerning the water you feed your plants is purity. In a hydroponic garden, you should use as pure of water as possible. Water that has possible toxic contaminants or salt build ups may stunt or kill your plants.

Temperature and Light
The ideal temperature depends on the crops you choose to grow. Most of the common garden crops, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, beans and peas will do well with an average daytime temperature of 78 F and an aver- age nighttime temperature of 64 F. Winter vegetables, such as cabbage, brussel sprouts and broccoli should be grown in slightly cooler temperatures.

A minimum/maximum thermometer will allow you to track the low and high temperatures in your growing environment. This is important for monitoring overall progress of your hydroponic garden and diagnosing plant growth problems.

For optimum production, heating the root zone is important. For most garden crops 72 F is the ideal root zone temperature. Some growers achieve a heated root area by using heated grow mats placed under the growing medium. Another option is to heat your nutrient solution to the desired temperature and then when your system feeds the plants, the roots are bathed in warm water. Listed below are some complete hydroponic growing systems to get started with.

system

Hydroponics Drip Growing System 5 Sites Dutch Buckets w/Lids + Submerged Pump picture

Hydroponics Drip Growing System 5 Sites Dutch Buckets w/Lids + Submerged Pump

$120.37



4 Bucket 5 Gal DWC Hydroponic Grow System w/ Top Drip Kit Planter + Air Pump 15W picture

4 Bucket 5 Gal DWC Hydroponic Grow System w/ Top Drip Kit Planter + Air Pump 15W

$117.15



Hydroponics Growing System 12 pods Indoor Garden 30W Full Spectrum Light Timer picture

Hydroponics Growing System 12 pods Indoor Garden 30W Full Spectrum Light Timer

$44.99



20 Pods Hydroponics Growing System Timer with LED Grow Light Indoor Herb Garden picture

20 Pods Hydroponics Growing System Timer with LED Grow Light Indoor Herb Garden

$39.99



Hydroponic Indoor Hydroponics Growing System Indoor Garden Supplies picture

Hydroponic Indoor Hydroponics Growing System Indoor Garden Supplies

$19.33



California Light Works Solar System 24W UVB Supplemental Light picture

California Light Works Solar System 24W UVB Supplemental Light

$60.00



Hydroponics Seedling & Cloning System Aeroponic Propagation Kit 8 Plant Sites PP picture

Hydroponics Seedling & Cloning System Aeroponic Propagation Kit 8 Plant Sites PP

$46.44



Hydroponic System Growing Kit 8 Site Self Watering Indoor DWC Hydroponic System picture

Hydroponic System Growing Kit 8 Site Self Watering Indoor DWC Hydroponic System

$34.99



AeroGarden Harvest 6 Pod Home Garden System White Open Box picture

AeroGarden Harvest 6 Pod Home Garden System White Open Box

$28.00



VEVOR Hydroponic Grow Kit Hydroponics System 54 Plant Sites 3 Layers 6 Pipes picture

VEVOR Hydroponic Grow Kit Hydroponics System 54 Plant Sites 3 Layers 6 Pipes

$59.99



VEVOR Hydroponics Growing System 36 Sites 4-Layer Hydroponic Grow Kit PVC Pipes picture

VEVOR Hydroponics Growing System 36 Sites 4-Layer Hydroponic Grow Kit PVC Pipes

$59.99



DWC Hydroponic Grow System - Two Complete 5 Gallon Systems Including Nutrients picture

DWC Hydroponic Grow System - Two Complete 5 Gallon Systems Including Nutrients

$109.50



Grow Lights Xtrasun / Hydrofarm - XTDE1TH-DE Lighting System 1000W, 240V picture

Grow Lights Xtrasun / Hydrofarm - XTDE1TH-DE Lighting System 1000W, 240V

$150.00



1000W HPS Grow Light System Kit Cool Tube w/Bulb and Digital Ballast SunSystems picture

1000W HPS Grow Light System Kit Cool Tube w/Bulb and Digital Ballast SunSystems

$120.00



The Hydro Tower® Hydroponic Tower with Integrated Lighting and Watering Systems picture

The Hydro Tower® Hydroponic Tower with Integrated Lighting and Watering Systems

$259.99



60 Pots Hydroponics Tower Set Hydroponic Growing System Indoor Outdoor Grow Kit picture

60 Pots Hydroponics Tower Set Hydroponic Growing System Indoor Outdoor Grow Kit

$111.86



Hydroponics Growing System,TURBO SII 8 Pods Indoor Herb Garden with LED picture

Hydroponics Growing System,TURBO SII 8 Pods Indoor Herb Garden with LED

$32.00



VEVOR Hydroponic Site Grow Kit Hydroponics System 108Plant Sites 3Layers w/Timer picture

VEVOR Hydroponic Site Grow Kit Hydroponics System 108Plant Sites 3Layers w/Timer

$79.99



Can-Fan Can-Lite Active Carbon Filter 8

Can-Fan Can-Lite Active Carbon Filter 8" 1000 CFM

$219.00



Sun System LEC 315 Flower Power Grow 200-240V, 1.4-1.8A, 4200K picture

Sun System LEC 315 Flower Power Grow 200-240V, 1.4-1.8A, 4200K

$339.99