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Hydroponic Growing

Hydroponic System DiagramWhen growing plants in a hydroponic garden, we must consider these factors

  • the amount of water the plants need; proper drainage of growing medium
  • the optimum temperature and light for the plant
  • fresh air
  • shelter and support
  • pest and disease control
  • the water-soluble minerals the plant needs
  • the proper pH of the nutrient solution

Water
As with all plant needs, the amount of water required depends on the species and the needs of that particular plant. A plant that suffers from lack of water will extend a huge, but not very effective root system, and will develop a very small plant above the ground. Many roots are sent out in search of water and when an inadequate amount is found, the plant will not grow to its potential.
In the other extreme, if a plant is over watered the roots can drown because they are not receiving the proper amount of fresh oxygen. This makes proper drainage of a hydroponic growing medium crucial to your plant's health.

The last consideration concerning the water you feed your plants is purity. In a hydroponic garden, you should use as pure of water as possible. Water that has possible toxic contaminants or salt build ups may stunt or kill your plants.

Temperature and Light
The ideal temperature depends on the crops you choose to grow. Most of the common garden crops, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, beans and peas will do well with an average daytime temperature of 78 F and an aver- age nighttime temperature of 64 F. Winter vegetables, such as cabbage, brussel sprouts and broccoli should be grown in slightly cooler temperatures.

A minimum/maximum thermometer will allow you to track the low and high temperatures in your growing environment. This is important for monitoring overall progress of your hydroponic garden and diagnosing plant growth problems.

For optimum production, heating the root zone is important. For most garden crops 72 F is the ideal root zone temperature. Some growers achieve a heated root area by using heated grow mats placed under the growing medium. Another option is to heat your nutrient solution to the desired temperature and then when your system feeds the plants, the roots are bathed in warm water. Listed below are some complete hydroponic growing systems to get started with.

system

12 Pods Hydroponics Growing System Timer with LED Grow Light Indoor Herb Garden picture

12 Pods Hydroponics Growing System Timer with LED Grow Light Indoor Herb Garden

$61.50



7 Site Indoor Plant Cloning System - Root Growing Air Bubbler Hydroponics Kit picture

7 Site Indoor Plant Cloning System - Root Growing Air Bubbler Hydroponics Kit

$37.49



CRZDEAL 6 Pods Indoor Hydroponics Growing System Garden Kit for Home picture

CRZDEAL 6 Pods Indoor Hydroponics Growing System Garden Kit for Home

$34.95



AMORNING Hydroponic-Garden System Seed-Pods Kit - 15 Grow Domes,15 Pod Labels... picture

AMORNING Hydroponic-Garden System Seed-Pods Kit - 15 Grow Domes,15 Pod Labels...

$16.93



AeroGarden Harvest Home Garden System - Black picture

AeroGarden Harvest Home Garden System - Black

$41.00



DWC hydroponic system Kit 3.5 G 2 Pk Indoor/outdoor, Stay Home And Grow Ur Own picture

DWC hydroponic system Kit 3.5 G 2 Pk Indoor/outdoor, Stay Home And Grow Ur Own

$89.98



12Pods Hydroponics Growing System with Grow Light Plants 100LED Home Herb Garden picture

12Pods Hydroponics Growing System with Grow Light Plants 100LED Home Herb Garden

$70.49



AeroGarden Sprout, Black with Seed Starting System Bundle Hydroponic Systems picture

AeroGarden Sprout, Black with Seed Starting System Bundle Hydroponic Systems

$59.99



Hydroponic Site Grow Kit 108 Planting Sites Garden Plant System Vegetable Tool  picture

Hydroponic Site Grow Kit 108 Planting Sites Garden Plant System Vegetable Tool

$62.99



TrolMaster - Hydro-X Environment Control System (HCS-1) picture

TrolMaster - Hydro-X Environment Control System (HCS-1)

$195.00



Hydroponics Grow Sponge Seed Starter Pods for Indoor Garden Plants System 50 Pcs picture

Hydroponics Grow Sponge Seed Starter Pods for Indoor Garden Plants System 50 Pcs

$13.99



AeroGarden 3 Pod In-Home Garden System - Gray - Indoor Grow Hydroponic Herbs picture

AeroGarden 3 Pod In-Home Garden System - Gray - Indoor Grow Hydroponic Herbs

$34.50



Deep Water Culture Hydroponic System Grow Kit W/ Submerged Pump 11L UPGRADE USA picture

Deep Water Culture Hydroponic System Grow Kit W/ Submerged Pump 11L UPGRADE USA

$104.76



9 Pods Indoor Hydroponics System Plant Herb Garden Growing Kit w/LED Grow Light picture

9 Pods Indoor Hydroponics System Plant Herb Garden Growing Kit w/LED Grow Light

$52.99



DTR Hand Crank Dump Truck Trailer Tarp Roller System - No Tarp Included picture

DTR Hand Crank Dump Truck Trailer Tarp Roller System - No Tarp Included

$141.99



VEVOR Hydroponic Grow Kit Hydroponics System 108 Plant Sites 3 Layers 12 Pipes picture

VEVOR Hydroponic Grow Kit Hydroponics System 108 Plant Sites 3 Layers 12 Pipes

$91.99



VIVOSUN 3 Inch 4 Inch Net Pots Net Cups Hydroponic System Grow Seed Cloning picture

VIVOSUN 3 Inch 4 Inch Net Pots Net Cups Hydroponic System Grow Seed Cloning

$13.99



Upgraded 2 in 1 Hydroponics Growing System 10 Pods Indoor Herb Garden Kit w/LED  picture

Upgraded 2 in 1 Hydroponics Growing System 10 Pods Indoor Herb Garden Kit w/LED

$52.99



iPower HPS MH Digital Dimmable Grow Light System Kits Wing Reflector Set picture

iPower HPS MH Digital Dimmable Grow Light System Kits Wing Reflector Set

$125.99



Leafy Indoor LED Desktop Aerogarden Hydroponics & Grow Light System picture

Leafy Indoor LED Desktop Aerogarden Hydroponics & Grow Light System

$12.59