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Hydroponic Growing

Hydroponic System DiagramWhen growing plants in a hydroponic garden, we must consider these factors

  • the amount of water the plants need; proper drainage of growing medium
  • the optimum temperature and light for the plant
  • fresh air
  • shelter and support
  • pest and disease control
  • the water-soluble minerals the plant needs
  • the proper pH of the nutrient solution

Water
As with all plant needs, the amount of water required depends on the species and the needs of that particular plant. A plant that suffers from lack of water will extend a huge, but not very effective root system, and will develop a very small plant above the ground. Many roots are sent out in search of water and when an inadequate amount is found, the plant will not grow to its potential.
In the other extreme, if a plant is over watered the roots can drown because they are not receiving the proper amount of fresh oxygen. This makes proper drainage of a hydroponic growing medium crucial to your plant's health.

The last consideration concerning the water you feed your plants is purity. In a hydroponic garden, you should use as pure of water as possible. Water that has possible toxic contaminants or salt build ups may stunt or kill your plants.

Temperature and Light
The ideal temperature depends on the crops you choose to grow. Most of the common garden crops, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, beans and peas will do well with an average daytime temperature of 78 F and an aver- age nighttime temperature of 64 F. Winter vegetables, such as cabbage, brussel sprouts and broccoli should be grown in slightly cooler temperatures.

A minimum/maximum thermometer will allow you to track the low and high temperatures in your growing environment. This is important for monitoring overall progress of your hydroponic garden and diagnosing plant growth problems.

For optimum production, heating the root zone is important. For most garden crops 72 F is the ideal root zone temperature. Some growers achieve a heated root area by using heated grow mats placed under the growing medium. Another option is to heat your nutrient solution to the desired temperature and then when your system feeds the plants, the roots are bathed in warm water. Listed below are some complete hydroponic growing systems to get started with.

Hydroponics Water System 8000 gallons per day Lab Tested Sterile Water picture
Hydroponics Water System 8000 gallons per day Lab Tested Sterile Water
$49000.0

~2000 sq foot NFT(nutrient film technique) growing system in Denver Colorado picture
~2000 sq foot NFT(nutrient film technique) growing system in Denver Colorado
$30000.0

2012HL STANDARD SYSTEM - 1152 total sites Commercial NFT Growing System  picture
2012HL STANDARD SYSTEM - 1152 total sites Commercial NFT Growing System
$8248.9

Growing Equipment. Hydrofarm ValuBrite Xtrasun Sun System Vortex Quantum Massive picture
Growing Equipment. Hydrofarm ValuBrite Xtrasun Sun System Vortex Quantum Massive
$6995.0

ALIEN RDWC PRO HYDROPONICS SYSTEMS 55LTR POTS 75CM AND 100CM PLANT CENTER picture
ALIEN RDWC PRO HYDROPONICS SYSTEMS 55LTR POTS 75CM AND 100CM PLANT CENTER
$6725.35

ALIEN RDWC PRO HYDROPONIC SYSTEMS 34LTR POTS 50CM AND 75CM AVAILABLE picture
ALIEN RDWC PRO HYDROPONIC SYSTEMS 34LTR POTS 50CM AND 75CM AVAILABLE
$5847.94

ALIEN RDWC PRO HYDROPONICS SYSTEMS 55LTR POTS 75CM AND 100CM PLANT CENTER picture
ALIEN RDWC PRO HYDROPONICS SYSTEMS 55LTR POTS 75CM AND 100CM PLANT CENTER
$5818.69

Ideal H2O Professional Series Reverse Osmosis System - 4000 GPD picture
Ideal H2O Professional Series Reverse Osmosis System - 4000 GPD
$5400.0

ALIEN RDWC PRO HYDROPONIC SYSTEMS 34LTR POTS 50CM AND 75CM AVAILABLE picture
ALIEN RDWC PRO HYDROPONIC SYSTEMS 34LTR POTS 50CM AND 75CM AVAILABLE
$5116.76

LumiGrow Pro 650 650W LED Light System, 85-264V (auto-switching) { THREE UNITS}  picture
LumiGrow Pro 650 650W LED Light System, 85-264V (auto-switching) { THREE UNITS}
$4948.9

Sun System LEC315 120 volt w/ 3100K Lamp - Light Emitting Ceramic Grow Fixture picture
Sun System LEC315 120 volt w/ 3100K Lamp - Light Emitting Ceramic Grow Fixture
$4780.0

Sun System LEC315 240 volt w/ 3100K Lamp - Light Emitting Ceramic Grow Fixture picture
Sun System LEC315 240 volt w/ 3100K Lamp - Light Emitting Ceramic Grow Fixture
$4700.0

Ideal H2O Professional Series Reverse Osmosis System - 2000 GPD picture
Ideal H2O Professional Series Reverse Osmosis System - 2000 GPD
$4600.0

ALIEN XL FLOOD AND DRAIN HYDROPONIC SYSTEMS  picture
ALIEN XL FLOOD AND DRAIN HYDROPONIC SYSTEMS
$4385.59

AutoPot XL 100-Pot  (6.6 gal) Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System picture
AutoPot XL 100-Pot (6.6 gal) Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System
$4194.95

AutoPot XL 100-Pot  (6.6 gal) Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System picture
AutoPot XL 100-Pot (6.6 gal) Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System
$4194.95

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