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Hydroponic Growing

Hydroponic System DiagramWhen growing plants in a hydroponic garden, we must consider these factors

  • the amount of water the plants need; proper drainage of growing medium
  • the optimum temperature and light for the plant
  • fresh air
  • shelter and support
  • pest and disease control
  • the water-soluble minerals the plant needs
  • the proper pH of the nutrient solution

Water
As with all plant needs, the amount of water required depends on the species and the needs of that particular plant. A plant that suffers from lack of water will extend a huge, but not very effective root system, and will develop a very small plant above the ground. Many roots are sent out in search of water and when an inadequate amount is found, the plant will not grow to its potential.
In the other extreme, if a plant is over watered the roots can drown because they are not receiving the proper amount of fresh oxygen. This makes proper drainage of a hydroponic growing medium crucial to your plant's health.

The last consideration concerning the water you feed your plants is purity. In a hydroponic garden, you should use as pure of water as possible. Water that has possible toxic contaminants or salt build ups may stunt or kill your plants.

Temperature and Light
The ideal temperature depends on the crops you choose to grow. Most of the common garden crops, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, beans and peas will do well with an average daytime temperature of 78 F and an aver- age nighttime temperature of 64 F. Winter vegetables, such as cabbage, brussel sprouts and broccoli should be grown in slightly cooler temperatures.

A minimum/maximum thermometer will allow you to track the low and high temperatures in your growing environment. This is important for monitoring overall progress of your hydroponic garden and diagnosing plant growth problems.

For optimum production, heating the root zone is important. For most garden crops 72 F is the ideal root zone temperature. Some growers achieve a heated root area by using heated grow mats placed under the growing medium. Another option is to heat your nutrient solution to the desired temperature and then when your system feeds the plants, the roots are bathed in warm water. Listed below are some complete hydroponic growing systems to get started with.

Unlimited Food System Sanctuary 128 US Aquaponics System With 128sq. ft. of Grow picture
Unlimited Food System Sanctuary 128 US Aquaponics System With 128sq. ft. of Grow
$7700.0

Current Culture Under Current PRO 16 Site DWC Deep Water Culture  Hydro System picture
Current Culture Under Current PRO 16 Site DWC Deep Water Culture Hydro System
$7123.2

Current Culture Under Current PRO 12 Site DWC Deep Water Culture  Hydro System picture
Current Culture Under Current PRO 12 Site DWC Deep Water Culture Hydro System
$5644.8

Autopot AP200 24, 48, 60, 80 or 100 gravity fed (3.9 gallon) pot systems   picture
Autopot AP200 24, 48, 60, 80 or 100 gravity fed (3.9 gallon) pot systems
$4395.0

AutoPot XL 24,48,60,80,100 (6.6 gal) Pot-Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System picture
AutoPot XL 24,48,60,80,100 (6.6 gal) Pot-Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System
$4395.0

Current Culture Under Current Evolution UCEXL13 Hydroponics System - dwc cch2o picture
Current Culture Under Current Evolution UCEXL13 Hydroponics System - dwc cch2o
$4179.95

Current Culture Under Current PRO 8 Site DWC Deep Water Culture  Hydro System picture
Current Culture Under Current PRO 8 Site DWC Deep Water Culture Hydro System
$3763.2

AutoPot XL 24,48,60,80,100 (6.6 gal) Pot-Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System picture
AutoPot XL 24,48,60,80,100 (6.6 gal) Pot-Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System
$3599.0

Autopot AP200 24, 48, 60, 80 or 100 gravity fed (3.9 gallon) pot systems   picture
Autopot AP200 24, 48, 60, 80 or 100 gravity fed (3.9 gallon) pot systems
$3595.0

Unlimited Food System Sanctuary 32 LS - Expandable Starter Aquaponics System picture
Unlimited Food System Sanctuary 32 LS - Expandable Starter Aquaponics System
$3500.0

Current Culture Under Current Evolution UCEXL13 Hydroponics System - dwc cch2o picture
Current Culture Under Current Evolution UCEXL13 Hydroponics System - dwc cch2o
$3199.95

Current Culture Under Current PRO 6 Site DWC Deep Water Culture  Hydro System picture
Current Culture Under Current PRO 6 Site DWC Deep Water Culture Hydro System
$3068.8

Current Culture Under Current UCXL13 Hydroponics System - dwc deep water cch2o picture
Current Culture Under Current UCXL13 Hydroponics System - dwc deep water cch2o
$2829.95

Gillison’s Variety Fabrication GVF Hydropneumatic Elutriation System Root Washer picture
Gillison’s Variety Fabrication GVF Hydropneumatic Elutriation System Root Washer
$2699.99

Autopot AP200 24, 48, 60, 80 or 100 gravity fed (3.9 gallon) pot systems   picture
Autopot AP200 24, 48, 60, 80 or 100 gravity fed (3.9 gallon) pot systems
$2695.0

AutoPot XL 24,48,60,80,100 (6.6 gal) Pot-Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System picture
AutoPot XL 24,48,60,80,100 (6.6 gal) Pot-Gravity fed selfwatering Planter System
$2695.0

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